Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Bahamas has long been one of the most eco-friendly destinations in the world—a protector of both the archipelago’s pristine beauty and its endangered species, including the Bahamian Rock Iguana and the West Indian flamingo, the national bird. The now endangered San Salvador rock iguana, Cyclura riyeli riyeli, and other Cyclura species were plentiful throughout the Bahamas before 1492, when European ships began introducing rats, … Female San Salvador rock iguanas attain sexual maturity when they reach 20 cm (7.9 in) in length from snout to vent and weigh 300 g (11 oz). Mating occurs in May and June, with clutches of 3-10 eggs usually laid in June or July, in nests excavated in pockets of earth exposed to the sun. Bitter Guana Cay has an extremely long history. [1] The Bahamian government has refused to issue export permits for any rock iguanas. In the early summer, female Bahamian Rock Iguanas will lay around a dozen eggs in shallow sand. A healthy iguana scat looks like a cigar, consisting of tightly rolled leaves and fruit that often remain intact. The Bahamian Rock Iguanas that live on Iguana Island. The Bahamas Rock Iguana (Cyclura carinata) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "reptiles" and found in the following area(s): Bahamas, Turks and Caicos Islands. The iguanas that live on San Salvador Island today are among the rarest lizard species in the world – the San Salvador Island rock iguana (Cyclura riyeli riyeli). This is one of many Northern Bahamian Rock Iguanas I encountered while island-hopping around the Exumas a couple years ago. The species is endangered and is protected by the Wild Animals Protection Its status on the IUCN Red Listis vulnerable, with a wild population of less than 5,000 animals. [4], As of 1975 two additional subspecific forms have been identified along with the nominal subspecies: the Acklins ground iguana (C. r. nuchalis) and the White Cay iguana (C. r. On your visit, it is encouraged to ask about how you can help their species. [5][6], Once inhabiting all the large islands of the Bahamas, today C. rileyi is confined to six populations in small remote cays of three island groups: San Salvador Island, Acklins, and Exuma. Common Name: Central Bahamian Rock Iguana. Which means visitors better come to Bitter Guana Cay as soon as they can if they are interested in spotting these unique creatures. Bahamian herpetofauna, which includes a number of endemic species and many others not found outside the Bahamas or Greater Antilles, is reasonably intact. This species is also known by the following name(s): Bartsch's Iguana, Turks And Caicos Ground Iguana. Take a boat tour to Bitter Guana Cay and visit the Rock Iguanas. [1] The Guana Cay population has been reduced to less than 24 individual animals. With only 1,300 estimated Iguanas that remain in the wild, the Rock Iguana is an endangered species that is not to be missed. They can grow up to 4 ft long in Exuma and feed mainly on leaves, fruits, and flowers of the native fauna. Desert iguanas are found in the southwestern U.S. and Mexico, while two genera of marine iguanas inhabit the Galapagos Islands. Most visitors hike across the island and over the rocks which the Bahamian Rock Iguanas hide in. Most islands still support their original fauna, and few species have gone extinct. # Rock Iguanas in The Bahamas are protected by the Wild Animals Protection Act, as they are listed by the International Union for the Conservation of … However, the issue of tourism and wildlife feeding is complex, especially in … Its status is Endangered, with a wild population of 3,500 animals, and it can be found on the IUCN Red List. 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