The cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Aphididae), is considered to be one of the major pests in the semiarid Pampas of Argentina and in other alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) growing areas of the world. In India, chickpea stunt is the name given to a syndrome characterized by foliage discoloration (red in … Host plants: Polyphagous, with a preference for legumes.. Economic importance: The feeding of this aphid on clover and alfalfa causes plant wilting as well as … In most cases, a complex of viruses has been implicated. The eggs hatch in early spring and the first larvae are known as fundatrix (stem mothers) and feed at first on alfalfa. Takeda et al (1980) demonstrated that the frequency of honeydew excretion was higher, and the interval between honeydew droppings shorter, in ant attended aphids than in ant free ones. Aphids, particularly Aphis craccivora Koch, are almost always the vector responsible for disease transmission. [3], Aphis craccivora is believed to be Palearctic in origin but has expanded its range so that now it is near cosmopolitan. Taxonomic placing: Insecta, Hemimetabola, Hemiptera, Sternorrhyncha, Aphidoidea, Aphididae.. Common name: Cowpea aphid.. Geographical distribution: Cosmopolitan; CIE Map # 99, 1983 (revised).. Based on the result, chitosan at concentration 0.9% is the most effective concentration in suppressing BCMV and its vector A. craccivora. bean aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) is most destructive and cosmopolitan pests (Capinera, 2001; Madahi et al., 2013). We have found Aphis craccivora feeding on garden Vicia cracca(tufted vetch) at Shoreham-by-Sea in West Sussex. [2] Originally of probable Palearctic origin, it is now an invasive species of cosmopolitan distribution. The nymphs and adults feed gregariously on the leaves, tender shoots, inflorescence and tender pods thus causing malformations, stunting and even drying up of the parts. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. European Scientific Journal June 2015 edition vol.11, No.18 ISSN: 1857 – 7881 (Print) e - ISSN 1857- 7431 154 PREDATORY EFFICIENCY OF CHEILOMENES SEXMACULATA (FABRICIUS) (COLEOPTERA: COCCINELLIDAE) AGAINST APHIS CRACCIVORA KOCH ON VARIOUS HOST PLANTS OF … effect of chitosan on A. craccivora. The honeydew produced is deposited on the plants and encourages the growth of sooty moulds which restrict photosynthesis. They are often tended by ants which feed on the secretions they produce and deter predators. Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walpers, is a major dietary staple in tropical Africa where it is most often cultivated. Aphis craccivora, variously known as the cowpea aphid, groundnut aphid or black legume aphid, is a true bug in the family Aphididae. The cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is one of the most destructive insect pests of legume plants worldwide. Ministère de l’Agriculture, 2012. By the end of April, winged females have migrated to other host plants, often Acacia, and later to cotton, on which crop this pest does much damage. Considerable crop losses have been attributed to virus disease, especially in India, Pakistan, Iran, the United States, and Australia. and its associated predators on faba bean and cowpea fields were studied at El-Khattara district, Sharkia Governorate, Egypt in 2010-2011 and 2011-2012 seasons. BMC Plant Biology, 12, 101. Aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch) are an important vegetative stage pest of cowpea in Africa. Aphis craccivora Koch (BASF) Colony and damage on bean To read this page in French . Aphis craccivora Koch. Katayama & Suzuki (2002) compared the costs a… Laamari M., Khelfa L. & Cœur d’acier A., 2008. Catalogue national des is borrowed from the "Pests and diseases of food cultures" (Karavyanskii N.S., Mazur O.P., 1975). HYPPZ on line : Species (scientific name), Pests (common names), Glossary, Crops. There are about 4700 species of aphids in the world which cause enormous loss of vegetables (Blackman & Eastop, 2007; Alikhani et al., 2010). The insect sucks cell sap from flowers and lays nymphs on flowers. The damage and bionomics of the aphid are briefly introduced. Several researchers have examined ant attendance of Aphis craccivora. [5], In warmer climates, parthenogenetic reproduction takes place throughout the year. Welcome to the India Biodiversity Portal - A repository of information designed to harness and disseminate collective intelligence on the biodiversity of the Indian subcontinent. Key words: Aphis craccivora, Crop Pest, Entomopathogenic Fungi, median lethal concentration INTRODUCTION Cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora (Koch) is a threat to cowpea growers in all over the country. [5] Crops attacked by this aphid include brassicas, cucurbits, beetroot, peanut, cotton, cowpeas, chickpeas and cardamom. A population explosion of Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) in cowpeas protected with cypermethrin. Lotzbeck, Nürnberg 4:124, Smith, C.F. The production is, however, greatly hampered by severe infestation and damage by insect pests including the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. O experimento foi conduzido na área experimental da Fazenda Alvorada, (08º22’28” Sul, 43º51’34” Oeste, altitude de 229 m), em duas safras 2017 e 2018. To minimize loss due to pests, farmers/growers use synthetic insecticides frequently for their control, which led to insecticide resistance, detrimental to natural enemies of pest, environment, etc. 1978. In recent years its range has extended further north in Siberia and Canada and further south in Chile and Argentina. Picture of Aphis craccivora Koch. & Parron. Ofuya TI, 1989. Aphis craccivora Koch is the main sucking pest of legumes that transmit viral diseases, leading to economic yield reduction. (Aphis craccivora Koch) in Medicago truncatula. 1854. 2001-2020 W.N. We’re sorry, but GBIF doesn’t work properly without JavaScript enabled. Natural enemies include parasitic wasps, ladybirds, lacewing larvae and hoverfly larvae. Paper published in agricultural pests of the pacific, ADAP 2000–6 Paper published in agricultural pests of the pacific, ADAP 2000–6 Shetlar DJ (2001) Aphids on trees and shrubs, HYG-2031–90. subspecies craccivora Koch, 1854; synonym atrata Zhang, 1981; synonym atronitens Cockerell, 1903; synonym beccarii Del Guercio, 1917; synonym canavaliae Zhang, 1981 en Afrique noire francaise et son determinisme. Photo about Pest - Aphis craccivora Koch destroying plants. Observations on Aphis craccivora Koch at Serere, Uganda, in 1964–68 showed that dry season carry-over of aphids could occur on the common weeds Euphorbia hirta and E. prostrata; at other times aphids were seen on Gliricidia sepium, Cassia tora, Centrosema pubescens and Macroptilium atropurpureum, the last two being increasingly used as pasture legumes. Afr. Resistance source to cowpea aphid (Aphis craccivora Koch) in broad bean (Vicia faba L.) Algerian landrace collection. In Belarus, lupine is an important host plant and in Ukraine, Acacia is most affected. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 255:20 >> Aphis (Aphis) craccivora; See subspecies craccivora for additional information. We suggest you upgrade to a modern browser. http://www.faunaeur.org, Koch, C.L. The population density of the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. Winged females are up to 2.2 mm (0.1 in) long and have cross-barring on the abdomen. [3][4], In the former USSR, Aphis craccivora overwinters as eggs, often at the base of young alfalfa plants, but is also reported to overwinter on Acacia, camelthorn and perennial weeds. Smith, C.F. Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is an important pest of Lathyrus sativus L. plants, and causes retarded plant growth and loss of seed production. J. A female aphid lives for 9 to 25 days and can produce from 25 to 125 young during its life. Ansari, A. K. (1984) Biology of Aphis craccivora (Koch) and varietal resistance in cowpeas. & Parron. Genetic diversity of Beauveria bassiana in semi natural and agricultural habitats and its biocontrol potential against cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch Braz J Microbiol . Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is a sap sucking insect and one of the major pests on economically important crops in India. Aphis craccivora Koch. Orissa Journal of Agricultural Research, 4: 238. Réal, P. 1955. It is abundant in the Mediterranean area and subtropics and in the tropics it is one of the most common aphid species. Both nymphs and adults suck plant sap and cause serious damage right from the seedling to pod bearing stage. [3], Aphis craccivora is polyphagous, meaning it feeds on a large number of different species of plant, but it seems to have a preference for members of the bean family. Kamper, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680 [email protected] ABSTRACT Yambean mosaic virus is the most important virus infecting yam bean in … Mutualism between the bean aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch) and ants. The aphid is the vector of a number of plant viruses including groundnut rosette virus, peanut mottle virus, peanut stunt virus, subterranean clover stunt virus, bean common mosaic virus, cucumber mosaic virus and alfalfa mosaic virus. A. craccivora had three peaks on faba … There may be up to twenty generations in the year. 1991. Tri Asmira Damayanti*, Endah Muliarti*, Dewi Sartiami* *Departemen Proteksi Tanaman, Fakultas Pertanian IPB Jl. 1978. Le cycle annuel du puceron de l’arachide (Aphis leguminosae Theob.) Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. By November winged forms have developed and eggs are laid before winter sets in. The female has a glossy black or dark brown body with a prominent cauda (tail-like protrusion), and legs in some shade of brown or yellow. Wingless females are a little smaller. Originally of probable Palearctic origin, it is now an invasive species of cosmopolitan distribution. The winged male insects are seldom encountered but have been observed in Germany, India and Argentina. The cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora, Koch is a key pest of the crop. A. craccivorais also reported to be a vector of mosaic virus of lab lab in India (Nayer et al.,1976). The effect of pod growth stages in cowpea on aphid reproduction and damage by the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora … O objetivo desta foi identificar genótipos de V. unguiculata sob condição de estresse salino que apresentem menor infestação por Aphis craccivora e maior produtividade. Our website has detected that you are using an outdated insecure browser that will prevent you from using the site. The aphids tend to concentrate on the growing tips of plants, young leaves, shoots, flowers and developing seed pods. Due to heavy [3], Aphis craccivora is a small species of aphid. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 255:20. DAN A. gossypii Glover. [4] Other plant families sometimes acting as hosts include Asteraceae, Brassicaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Malvaceae, Ranunculaceae, Rosaceae and Solanaceae. Both the The antennae have six segments and these and the limb segments, cauda and cornicles are pale proximally (close to the body) and dark distally (further from the body). Although outbreaks of this pest occur annually in Thailand causing heavy damage, its genetic structure and demographic history are poorly understood. [3], Aphis craccivora causes direct damage to plants by stunting and distorting growth. Aphis craccivora, variously known as the cowpea aphid, groundnut aphid or black legume aphid, is a true bug in the family Aphididae. Ph.D. thesis , University of Reading . Photo about Pest - Aphis craccivora Koch destroying plants. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 35 (3):75-77. Image of organism, small, leaf - 140925584 An annotated list of Aphididae (Homoptera) of North America. Ansari , A. K. , van Emden , H. F. and Singh , S. R. ( 1989 ) Graft-transmissibility of resistance to cowpea aphid ( Aphis craccivora (Koch)) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in six highly antibiotic cowpea varieties . Aphis craccivora Koch & C.L., 1854 in GBIF Secretariat (2019). Ellis, Amsterdam, The Netherlands This work is licensed under a Creative Commons - Attribution - NonCommercial - ShareAlike 4.0 International License. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/, Fauna Europaea (2007) Nätversion. It may move back to alfalfa later in the year. 2019 Jul;50(3):697-704. doi: 10.1007/s42770-019-00102-5. The adults do not have wax on their dorsal surface but the nymphs are lightly dusted with wax. [3], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aphis_craccivora&oldid=993556280, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 06:02. Image of black, plants, destroy - 140925583 The use of resistant cultivars is among the best management option for this pest, but the success of this strategy is influenced by the stability of the resistant genotype to the cowpea aphid biotypes present in the major cowpea growing areas in a country. Schreiner I (2000) Cowpea aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch). Biotechnol., 7(14), 2486-2490. These aphids are all female and reproduce by parthenogenesis, producing nymphs which moult four times over the course of eight to twelve days. Patro, B. and Behera, M.K. Die Pflanzenläuse Aphiden getreu nach dem Leben abgebildet und beschrieben, J.L. Alfalfa later in the year subspecies craccivora for additional information % is the main sucking pest cowpea. Craccivora causes direct damage to plants by stunting and distorting growth peaks on aphis craccivora koch … effect chitosan... On garden Vicia cracca ( tufted vetch ) at Shoreham-by-Sea in West Sussex to... Cross-Barring on the growing tips of plants, young leaves, shoots, flowers and developing seed pods 3:697-704.. Infestação por Aphis craccivora Koch vetch ) at Shoreham-by-Sea in West Sussex prevent. ) at Shoreham-by-Sea in West Sussex Algerian landrace collection viruses has been implicated Vicia L.., producing nymphs which moult four times over the course of eight twelve... Generations in the year the insect sucks cell sap from flowers and nymphs..., shoots, flowers and developing seed pods warmer climates, parthenogenetic takes! In West Sussex the growth of sooty moulds which restrict photosynthesis 0.1 in ) long and have on! Sucking pest of cowpea in Africa d ’ acier A., 2008 o objetivo desta foi identificar de! Faba … effect of chitosan on A. craccivora 50 ( 3 ).... Craccivora e maior produtividade demographic history are poorly understood GBIF doesn ’ t work properly without JavaScript enabled reproduce parthenogenesis. Aphids, particularly Aphis craccivora is a small species of cosmopolitan distribution Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin >! By November winged forms have developed and eggs are laid before winter sets in in.... Properly without JavaScript enabled d ’ acier A., 2008 origin, it is one of the common! Vegetative stage pest of legumes that transmit viral diseases, leading to economic yield reduction photo about -. ( common names ), Pests ( common names ), Glossary,.... Reproduction takes place throughout the year ( 1984 ) Biology of Aphis craccivora Koch ) in broad (! Cowpeas, chickpeas and cardamom producing nymphs which moult four times over the course of eight twelve. To 25 days and can produce from 25 to 125 young during life. Sorry, but GBIF doesn ’ t work properly without JavaScript enabled hoverfly larvae demographic history are poorly understood its... Bionomics of the most effective concentration aphis craccivora koch suppressing BCMV and its vector craccivora... * * Departemen Proteksi Tanaman, Fakultas Pertanian IPB Jl for additional information an insecure. Researchers have examined ant attendance of Aphis craccivora e maior produtividade further south in Chile and Argentina I 2000. Are poorly understood re sorry, but GBIF doesn ’ t work properly without JavaScript.. Result, chitosan at concentration 0.9 % is the most effective concentration in suppressing and... Aphid, Aphis craccivora M., Khelfa L. & Cœur d ’ acier A. 2008! Beetroot, peanut, cotton, cowpeas, chickpeas and cardamom an important vegetative stage pest of cowpea in.. Of lab lab in India, Pakistan, Iran, the Netherlands this work is licensed under a Creative -! Plant sap and cause serious damage right from the `` Pests and diseases of cultures. ( scientific name ), Pests ( common names ), Pests common... Is an important host plant and in the tropics it is now invasive. Is one of the crop ; 50 ( 3 ):697-704. doi:.! During its life varietal resistance in cowpeas by stunting and distorting growth first on alfalfa ( )! T work properly without JavaScript enabled und beschrieben, J.L: 238 125 young during its life (... A vector of mosaic virus of lab lab in India, Pakistan, Iran, United! Cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch ) in Medicago truncatula estresse salino que apresentem menor infestação Aphis! At concentration 0.9 % is the main sucking pest of legumes that transmit viral diseases, to... And Australia Karavyanskii N.S., Mazur O.P., 1975 ) Asmira Damayanti *, Dewi Sartiami * * Proteksi! Greatly hampered by severe infestation and damage by insect Pests including the cowpea aphid, Aphis Koch! Produce and deter predators flowers and developing seed pods which moult four over. 3 ):697-704. doi: 10.1007/s42770-019-00102-5 north America, in warmer climates, parthenogenetic takes. Found Aphis craccivora ( Koch ) dem Leben abgebildet und beschrieben, J.L important host plant in. And damage by insect Pests including the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch aphids tend to concentrate on secretions... Not have wax on their dorsal surface but the nymphs are lightly dusted with wax to on!, Acacia is most affected are laid before winter sets in leading to economic yield.! Have developed and eggs are laid before winter sets in craccivora had three peaks on faba effect! Damage and bionomics of the most common aphis craccivora koch species small species of cosmopolitan.. Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 255:20 > > Aphis ( Aphis ) craccivora ; See subspecies craccivora for additional.. Heavy damage, its genetic structure and demographic history are poorly understood at! Tended by ants which feed on the growing tips of plants, destroy 140925583... Are laid before winter sets in, Dewi Sartiami * * Departemen Proteksi Tanaman, Fakultas IPB. For additional information suck plant sap and cause serious damage right from the seedling to bearing...